An analysis of the reasons the british government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s

Hitler increased his aggression against Czechoslovakia and ordered the establishment of a Sudeten German paramilitary organizationwhich proceeded to carry out terrorist attacks on Czech targets. He stated that Britain had given the most serious warnings to Germany but it would be highly dangerous if the French Government read more into those warnings than was justified by their terms.

Apart from that, the United States continued to support Japan directly or indirectly in every adventure of Japan. Six months later, in SeptemberGermany invaded Poland and Britain was at war. The League of Nations, established after WWI to help prevent future conflicts, had proved ineffective.

It was thought that a strong, prosperous Germany could help revitalise the economy of these nations. The only result would be a European war the outcome of which was doubtful. Hitler, an Austrian by birth, had been a pan-German from a very young age and had promoted a Pan-German vision of a Greater German Reich from the beginning of his career in politics.

Additional Information Abstract Scholars typically define appeasement as a policy of satisfying grievances through one-sided concessions to avoid war for the foreseeable future and, therefore, as an alternative to balancing. Italy occupied Albania on 7 April Gross insults were inflicted on Europeans by the Japanese occupation forces in Tientsin, Amoy and Shanghai.

The German correspondent for the Times of LondonNorman Ebbuttcharged that his persistent reports about Nazi militarism were suppressed by his editor Geoffrey Dawson.

Britain was less hostile to Germany and set the pace in imposing sanctions and moved a naval fleet into the Mediterranean. The memory of the bloodshed of World War I was still fresh.

Why Chamberlain abandoned appeasement

Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin said that Britain lacked the forces to back its guarantees to France and that in any case, public opinion would not allow it.

Both Italy and Germany sent their technicians, aircraft and pilots and divisions of regular ground forces. The Blum Government did not take strong action to face the challenge posed by Fascism at home and abroad.

It was declared that if Czechoslovakia was invaded, France would honour the obligations of an alliance and Britain and Russia would support France. The official motor car of the Ambassador was machine-gunned near Nanking but still Britain took no action. When the plan was put before Hitler, he refused to give international guarantee for the rest of Czechoslovakia.

Ruling party[ edit ] Appeasement was accepted by most of those responsible for British foreign policy in the s, by leading journalists and academics and by members of the royal family, such as Edward VIII and his successor, George VI.

However, all that failed. Czechoslovakia was not to be a party to these talks, nor was the Soviet Union.

An analysis of the reasons the british government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s

She played a dominant role in the deliberations of the Peace Conference at Paris However, the American Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and hence the United States did not become a member of the League of Nations.

The liberals and the radical socialists became anti-Fascists. In Marchhe violated the Munich Agreement by occupying the rest of Czechoslovakia. The military occupation of the Rhineland was to last for only 15 years. This was so at a time when Italy had been indicted as aggressor by the League of Nations and she was being subjected to economic sanctions.

Attitudes to the Paris peace settlement Feelings expressed by Lord Lothian during the Rhineland crisis that Germany was "only going into their own back garden" had support.


The German ministry of propaganda issued press reports that riots had broken out in Austria and that large parts of the Austrian population were calling for German troops to restore order.

They believed that by the time of the Rhineland crisis of the balance of power had already shifted in Germany's favor, but that British rearmament would work to reverse the balance by the end of the decade.

Another reason for British appeasement was the differences between Britain and France on the issues of collective security, reparations, disarmament and German recovery.

When Italy demanded apologies and compensation from Abyssinia, Abyssinia appealed to the League, Emperor Haile Selassie famously appealing in person to the assembly in Geneva. Germany entered the League of Nations.

The international reaction to the events of 12 March led Hitler to conclude that he could use even more aggressive tactics in his plan to expand the Third Reich.

He proposed a non-aggression pact with the Western powers. In the House of Commons Chamberlain said that "The hard fact is that nothing could have arrested what has actually happened [in Austria] unless this country and other countries had been prepared to use force.

Before Munich, President Roosevelt sent a telegram to Chamberlain saying "Goodman", and afterward told the American ambassador in Rome, "I am not a bit upset over the final result. Its main ally, France, was seriously weakened and, unlike in the First World War, Commonwealth support was not a certainty.

The Czechs rejected these demands, France ordered mobilization and Britain mobilized its Navy. Thus, in the event of an attack from Germany, France could count upon help from Poland in the East and Belgium in the West.

Three British journalists, Michael FootFrank Owen and Peter Howardwriting under the name of "Cato" in their book Guilty Mencalled for the removal from office of 15 public figures they held accountable, including Chamberlain and Baldwin.

An evaluation of the reasons for the British policy of appeasement, During the s there was a great trade depression and money was tight. The Government was concerned with the. British Broadcasting Corporation Home. During the s, Britain and France followed a policy of appeasement [Appeasement: The policy of pacifying an aggressor through giving in to their.

The Policy of Appeasement made by Different European Countries

Though the appeasement policy led to the strengthening of Germany, and the breakout of war, there are other reasons why France and Britain adopted this policy.

These two countries were faced with economic problems in the s. which resulted in appeasement. Reason 1: Public Opinion & Pacifism Early as British government warned from Committee of Imperial Defence (C.I.D) that the best way forward was to follow a policy based on conciliation and compromise.

Start studying World history quiz (World War II). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Why did the British and the French follow a policy of appeasement? What are some examples of this appeasement? A policy of appeasement developed for a few reasons.

During the ’s, the policy of appeasement was the most effective response to Hitler’s aggression because of many reason but mainly that it keep peace and didn’t start war, the people did not support the war, and because the British needed more time to prepare for war.

An analysis of the reasons the british government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s
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BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Why Chamberlain abandoned appeasement