Summary of the essay politics and the english language

George Orwells essay Politics and the English Language, begins by refuting common presumptions that hold that the decline.

What is above all needed is to let the meaning choose the word, and not the other way around. In our time it is broadly true that political writing is bad writing. This invasion of one's mind by ready-made phrases lay the foundations, achieve a radical transformation can only be prevented if one is constantly on guard against them, and every such phrase anaesthetizes a portion of one's brain.

You can shirk it by simply throwing your mind open and letting the ready-made phrases come crowding in. It is this flexibility that gives language its powerful ability to express. George Orwell, in paragraph five, goes on to express his disappointment towards writers who lack originality by using common and overused metaphors, implying that they really do not care for what they are writing about what-so-ever.

Professor Lancelot Hogben Interglossia 3. The sole aim of a metaphor is to call up a visual image. He described such phrases as "dying metaphors" and argued that they were used without knowing what was truly being said. It politics and the english language essay summary ugly.

Orwell criticises bad writing habits which spread by imitation. Another example is that some courses, such as IB Theory of Knowledge, train students to think and write in a very abstract way.

Our civilization is decadent and our language — so the argument runs — must inevitably share in the general collapse. On the 50th anniversary of Orwells essay, Politics and the English Language, Andrew Marr finds political English in good healththanks, in part, to Orwells.

It is at this point that the special connection between politics and the debasement of language becomes clear. Instead of being a single word, such as break, stop, spoil, mend, kill, a verb becomes a phrase, made up of a noun or adjective tacked on to some general-purpose verb such as prove, serve, form, play, render.

One need not swallow such absurdities as this, but one ought to recognise that the present political chaos is connected with the decay of language, and that one can probably bring about some improvement by starting at the verbal end. He argues that writers must think more clearly because thinking clearly "is a necessary first step toward political regeneration".

When the Voice of Britain is heard at nine o'clock, better far and infinitely less ludicrous to hear aitches honestly dropped than the present priggish, inflated, inhibited, school-ma'amish arch braying of blameless bashful mewing maidens. Essay on psychology in Politics New York 4. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes.

Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: As soon as certain topics are raised, the concrete melts into the abstract and no one seems able to think of turns of speech that are not hackneyed: Defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle machine-gunned, the huts set on fire with incendiary bullets: Timidity here will bespeak canker and atrophy of the soul.

Orwell notices that modern prose lack concreteness. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. The sole aim of a metaphor is to call up a visual image.

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What image or idiom will make it clearer. If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. Never use a long word where a short one will do. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts.

Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of political parties.

Is this image fresh enough to have an effect. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes.

Politics and the English Language Summary

Look back through this essay, and for certain you will find that I have again and again committed the very faults I am protesting against.

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Jussi sutinen rhetorical essay realization essay obamacare summary essay. Summary of Politics and the English Language Essay Politics and the English Language Analysis In “Politics and the English Language,” George Orwell argues against the common belief that language grows with and adapts to the changing times, there being nothing any individual can do about it.

Politics and the English Language Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Politics and the English Language is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Politics and the English Language, the essay of George Orwell.

First published: April by/in Horizon, GB, London. Essay on psychology in Politics (New York) 4. All the ‘best people’ from the gentlemen's clubs, and all the frantic fascist captains, united in common hatred of Socialism and bestial horror at the rising tide of the mass.

Politics and the English Language is an important essay that argues against lazy language and overused phrases. Orwell expands that argument to embody the trouble he saw in the political process. Study Guide for Politics and the English Language.

Politics and the English Language

Politics and the English Language study guide contains a biography of George Orwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

Summary of the essay politics and the english language
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